Commercial Division Blog

Posted: December 10, 2021 / Written by: Jeffrey M. Eilender, Thomas A. Kissane, Samuel L. Butt, Joshua Wurtzel, Channing J. Turner / Category Securities

First Department Affirms Denial of Summary Judgment On Breach of Contract and Reformation Claims

On September 30, 2021, the First Department in Empery Asset Master, Ltd. v. AIT Therapeutics, Inc. affirmed an order of Justice Joel M. Cohen, which denied defendant’s motion for summary judgment dismissing the breach of contract and reformation claims in the case.  The Court explained: 

Defendant contends that section 3 (b) of plaintiffs' warrants is unambiguous and must be applied as written. This argument is unavailing. The third sentence of section 3 (b) begins, "Upon each such adjustment of the Exercise Price pursuant to the immediately preceding sentence."  However, the immediately preceding sentence (the second sentence) says nothing about adjusting the Exercise Price; instead, it is the first sentence of section 3 (b) that addresses adjusting the Exercise Price. Moreover, if section 3 (b) unambiguously supported defendant, we would have granted its motion to dismiss, rather than affirming the denial of the motion (see Empery Asset Master, Ltd v AITTherapeutics, Inc., 179 AD3d 443 [1st Dept 2020]).

Defendant contends that the reformation claim should be dismissed because there is no evidence that plaintiffs—as opposed to nonparty Deerfield Special Situations Fund, LP, the lead investor for the relevant capital raise by defendant—reached an agreement with defendant that was not reflected in the warrant and because plaintiffs were negligent. These arguments are unavailing.

Under the circumstances of this case, the evidence reveals issues of fact as to whether there was mutual mistake and/or a scrivener's error (see generally Warberg Opportunistic Trading Fund L.P. v GeoResources,Inc., 151 AD3d 465 [1st Dept 2017]). We cannot conclude, as a matter of law, that a reasonable person reviewing a 20-page warrant and a 42-plus-page Securities Purchase and Registration Rights Agreement would have realized that the word "sentence" (in "immediately preceding sentence") should have been "sentences."

Defendant contends that its 2018 capital raise did not trigger section 3 (d) of plaintiffs' warrants because it did not issue options in connection with the issuance or sale of other securities but merely issued warrants. However, if, as a matter of law, defendant had merely issued warrants, we would have granted its motion to dismiss instead of affirming the denial of the motion (see Empery, 179 AD3d at 443). Nor does the record evidence show that defendant is entitled to judgment as a matter of law. For example, contrary to defendant's claim that the deposition testimony of its witness was undisputed, there was testimony not only by plaintiffs' witnesses, but also from Deerfield, which has no stake in the dispute between plaintiffs and defendant, challenging defendant's testimony.

We have considered defendant's remaining arguments, including that the reformation claim is moot because plaintiffs exercised their warrants, and find them unavailing.


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