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Posts Categorized: Contracts

Posted: December 14, 2013

Lease Amendment Invalid Because Landlord’s President Lacked Authority to Amend Lease

On December 12, 2013, the First Department issued a decision in Site Five Hous. Dev. Fund Corp. v. Bullock, 2013 NY Slip Op. 08344, affirming a decision holding that a corporate landlord’s president lacked the authority to modify a lease, rendering the modification upon which the commercial tenant relied invalid. In Five Site, the First Department... Read more »

Posted: December 13, 2013

Dispute Over Authentiticy Precludes Dismissal Based on Documentary Evidence

On December 12, 2013, the First Department issued a decision in Laurel Hill Advisory Group, LLC v. American Stock Transfer & Trust Co., LLC, 2013 NY Slip Op. 08351, illustrating one limit to a motion to dismiss based on documentary evidence: a dispute about the authenticity of the documents relied upon in the motion. In Laurel... Read more »

Posted: December 9, 2013

Failure to Give Required Notice of Termination a Failure to Perform a Condition Precedent to Entitlement to Termination Payments

On December 3, 2013, Justice Demarest of the Kings County Commercial Division issued a decision in Sutton v. E&B Giftware LLC, 2013 NY Slip Op. 33019(U), holding that the failure to give a contractually required notice of termination was a failure to perform a condition precedent to the plaintiff’s entitlement to post-termination payments. In Sutton, the plaintiff... Read more »

Posted: December 8, 2013

Agreement to Pay Bonus Unenforcable Without Formula for Computing the Amount of the Bonus

On November 27, 2013, Justice Kornreich of the New York County Commercial Division issued a decision in Gallotti v. Advance Watch Co. Ltd., 2013 NY Slip Op. 33009(U), dismissing a breach of contract claim because there was no standard for determining the amount the plaintiff was owed under the agreement. The plaintiff in Gallotti entered into... Read more »

Posted: December 6, 2013

No Negligent Misrepresentation Claim From Arm’s Length Transaction Between Sophisticated Parties

On November 26, 2013, the First Department issued a decision in Zohar CDO 2003-1 Ltd. v. Xinhua Sports & Entertainment Ltd., 2013 N.Y. Slip Op. 07860, affirming a decision finding that there was no “special relationship” between the parties in an arm’s length commercial transaction. In Zohar, the trial court dismissed a negligent misrepresentation claim,... Read more »

Posted: November 28, 2013

Court of Appeals Enforces Lease as Written, Even Though it Leads to Harsh Result for Commercial Tenant

On October 7, 2013, we noted that on October 8, 2013, the Court of Appeals would hear argument in Eujoy Realty Corp. v. Van Wagner Communications, LLC, Docket No. 179. On November 26, 2013, the Court of Appeals issued its decision in Eujoy Realty Corp. v. Van Wagner Communications, LLC, 2013 NY Slip Op. 07823,... Read more »

Posted: November 18, 2013

First Department Affirms Enforcement of Contractual Obligations to Advance Litigation Expenses

On November 14, 2013, the First Department issued a decision in TMR Bayhead Securities, LLC v. Aegis Texas Venture Fund II, LP, 2013 NY Slip Op. 07578, affirming New York County Commercial Division Justice Bransten’s order compelling defendant venture capital funds to reimburse and advance legal fees and costs incurred by plaintiffs (who had run the funds) in defending... Read more »

Posted: November 17, 2013

Contract-Related Claims Dismissed Despite Allegation that Provisions Were Added Surreptitiously or by Mistake

On November 14, 2013, the First Department issued a decision in VFS Fin. v. Insurance Servs. Corp., 2013 NY Slip Op. 07576, illustrating the bedrock principle of contract interpretation that a party is presumed to have read and understood the contract it signed. In VFS Fin., the defendant asserted “counterclaims and third-party claims of fraud in... Read more »

Posted: November 16, 2013

Claim for Breach of NDA Allowed to Proceed While All Tort Claims Relating to the Alleged Breach Are Dismissed on the Pleadings

On November 7, 2013, Justice Schweitzer of the New York County Commercial Division issued a decision in Affinity LLP v. GfK Mediamark Research & Intelligence, LLC, 2013 NY Slip Op. 32873(U), in which he denied a pre-Answer motion to dismiss a claim alleging the breach of a non-disclosure agreement (“NDA”) but granted the motion insofar as... Read more »