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Posts Categorized: Civil Rights

Posted: January 12, 2016

Court-Appointed Guardian Ad Litem Not a State Actor

On December 22, 2015, the Second Circuit issued a decision in Milan v. Wertheimer, 14‐3527‐CV, holding that court-appointed law guardians are not state actors for the purposes of Section 1983. In Milan v. Wertheimer, the plaintiff brought Section 1983 claims against several defendants, including two lawyers (Fred Wertheimer and Denise Costanza) who were “law guardians,… Read more »

Posted: September 14, 2015

Second Circuit Recognizes Retaliation Claims Under Section 1983

On September 2, 2015, the Second Circuit issued a decision in Vega v. Hempstead Union Free School District, 14‐2265‐CV, recognizing the existence of a retaliation claim under Section 1983. In Vega, the plaintiff school teacher brought an action in the EDNY against his school district and two administrators alleging claims for “discrimination and retaliation claims… Read more »